Exactly What Is Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?
- Bone spurs
- Degenerative disc disease
- Herniated disc
- Spinal instability
- Spinal stenosis
- Spinal tumors
- A small/tiny incision/s
- Minimal cutting through soft tissues like ligaments, and muscles
- Outpatient option/s
- Reduced post-operative pain
- Quicker recovery
Table of Contents
The Focus of Spine SurgeryThere are two main goals when it comes to spine surgery or rather the goal/focus of the surgery. These are decompressing and stabilizing the spine.
Decompression of the spineSpinal decompression involves removing any tissue/s that are compressing/pinching the nerve structures like a spinal nerve root or the spinal cord itself. Bone spurs and fragments from a herniated disc are the types of tissue/s that can cause neural compression.
Stabilization of the spineAn abnormal movement of one or more levels/segments of the spinal cord can cause back pain, neck pain, or both. Surgeries that are meant to stabilize and stop these abnormal movements utilize spine instrumentation combined with fusion.
Spine Surgery TechniquesMinimally invasive spine surgery techniques include:
- Percutaneous or through the skin
- Mini-open or small incision procedure/s
Disorders Treated with Minimally Invasive Surgery
Degenerative disc diseaseDegenerative disc disease is known as DDD often develops progressively in older adults and affects the intervertebral discs. The normal wear and tear of cellular age-related changes in the body can cause the spine’s discs to:
- Lose Flexibility
- Loss of Strength
- Loss of Height
- Lose shape, along with the ability to absorb/distribute the forces associated with moving
Herniated discsA herniated disc also called a slipped, bulging, and ruptured disc. This happens when the soft gel cushion of a disc breaks through the protective outer layer. Other than the damaged disc, the loose interior gel can also irritate and inflame the nerves causing back pain.
ScoliosisScoliosis is an abnormal sideways curve of the spine that can cause progressive spinal deformity. A scoliotic curve can look like an “S” or “C.” Most cases have no known cause, and while the condition is more commonly associated with children, adults can develop scoliosis, as well.
Spinal stenosisSpinal stenosis happens when the spinal nerve roots and the spinal cord become compressed/pinched. These nerves branch off the spinal cord and exit the spinal canal through passageways called neuroforamen. Nerve and spinal cord compression can cause symptoms like:
- Tingling sensations
- Sometimes, pain can travel into the arms or legs
Spine Surgery RisksWith any spine surgery there are potential risks and complications that can occur. Here are some possible complications that can happen during and after surgery, with both open and minimally invasive procedures.
- Blood clots
- Failed fusion pseudarthrosis/non-union
- Nerve damage
- Symptoms come back
Candidate for SurgeryMinimally invasive spine surgery does offer many benefits:
- Tiny incision
- Less pain
- Reduced risk
- Faster recovery
Chiropractic Care Lower Back Pain Management
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