Dr. Alex Jimenez, El Paso's Chiropractor
I hope you have enjoyed our blog posts on various health, nutritional and injury related topics. Please don't hesitate in calling us or myself if you have questions when the need to seek care arises. Call the office or myself. Office 915-850-0900 - Cell 915-540-8444 Great Regards. Dr. J

Functional Neurology: Brain Health Biomarkers

Biomarkers are molecules that can help diagnose a health issue. These have become important for verifying investigations, choosing the best remedies, and monitoring disease progression. One exception, however, includes biomarkers for neurological diseases. Neurological biomarkers are found in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) or, in undetectable amounts, in the blood vessels. The human brain is closely guarded by the blood-brain barrier which protects it from damaging compounds circulating throughout the blood vessels. The blood-brain barrier has made it inaccessible to use these biomarkers.  

 

Biomarkers may be analyzed using the CSF but this also needs an invasive lumbar puncture process. Biomarker signatures, or recent improvements in discovery, in addition to the ability of clusters of biomarkers, are currently helping to make neurological disorders more treatable and more reachable. Treating and preventing neurological disorders, such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, autism, and major depressive disorder, is very likely to become less difficult to diagnose with the recent arrival of neurological biomarkers found in the blood.  

 

Biomarker for Brain Health Issues

 

Biomarker signatures, found with panels of high-quality antibodies, are yet another safe and effective tool for evaluating neurological disorders and diseases. Assistant professor of neurology and immunobiology at the University of Arizona College of Medicine at Tucson, Kristian Doyle, utilizes biomarkers to examine how the immune system deals with dead brain tissue. The system eliminates brain tissue with a procedure called liquefactive necrosis following a stroke but the pathophysiology of the procedure is unknown. This information is essential because liquefactive necrosis may be neurotoxic.  

 

“We utilize multiplex immunoassays to describe inflammation within chronic stroke infarcts in the point of liquefactive necrosis, and to describe changes by ordinary stroke comorbidities,” says Doyle. Because over 10 million individuals survive a stroke every year, Doyle expects that biomarkers may help them monitor the development of liquefactive necrosis and start to tailor remedies that mitigate the secondary harm due to this procedure,” he states. Another connection between inflammation and neurotoxicity is analyzed by Alysson Muotri, professor of molecular and cellular medicine and director of the Stem Cell Program at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. The Muotri laboratory uses induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from individuals with schizophrenia and autism to search for biomarkers of those ailments.  

 

Muotri’s laboratory started analyzing the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) as a biomarker because evidence indicates that chronic exposure to elevated cytokines might be neurotoxic together with elevated levels associated with depression, autism, and schizophrenia. “The gap of one of the many brain disorders could function as cytokines act on particular types or subtypes of nerves, or within a particular brain area,” states Muotri. His laboratory differentiates iPSCs to cells, which they suspect might be releasing cytokines from patients. Also, because IL-6 can also be involved in immune-inflammatory pathways, Muotri supposes a connection between autism and in utero exposure to infection, such as the Zika virus.  

 

“Our forecast is that the inflammation caused by Zika vulnerability is sufficient to make a neurotoxic environment which could rewire how the human brain is shaped,” he states. “We see that in mice, therefore, we believe some Zika-exposed children are going to develop autism or have intellectual disabilities” Larger biomarker signatures are available with technologies from CDI Laboratories, which provides microarrays of practical human proteins, including over 20,000 to a single variety, to check the antibodies within human liquid biopsy samples, including blood, serum, plasma, CSF, or tissue lysates. The consequent “autoantibody profile” is a helpful tool for study and for diagnoses or prognoses of individuals.  

 

“We have worked in the area of biomarker discovery for various neurodegenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis, neuropsychiatric lupus, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease,” states George Dorfman, director of business development in CDI Laboratories, a spin-off firm located in Baltimore, Maryland, and Mayaguez, Puerto Rico which was created from research in the High Throughput Biology Center at Johns Hopkins University. CDI’s stage is particularly beneficial in building panels for biomarker discovery because researchers can start by utilizing patient samples or banked trials to evaluate resistant profiles of cohorts that reveal specific symptoms or no indications in the event of control trials.  

 

“This provides us with an inherent candidate biomarker panel that offers advice on the following clinical outcome or curative efficacy, which is confirmed to yield the last panel, then interpreted into the state an ELISA-based kit or any other immunodiagnostic format at the clinical setting,” says Dorfman. “In the event of multiple sclerosis, as a patient grows through measures of this disease, their entire body creates novel antibodies or greater present antibody titers against specific proteins, such as myelination proteins. Our panels may discover these, to provide a notion about exactly what patients’ disease development might seem like, and supply a signature which may be interpreted into another evaluation or an FDA-approved diagnostic” CDI’s technologies have also been utilized to create an autoantibody profile for neuropsychiatric lupus, a beneficial diagnostic tool to ultimately help diagnose a neurological disorder that typically lacks obvious clinical signs.  

 

Understanding Biomarkers for Brain Health

The amount and types of biomarkers, as well as the quantity of information which researchers have to arrange, can help provide better remedies and prevention methods and techniques. “It ought to be no surprise that researchers spend around 80 percent of the time handling and not assessing statistics,” states Scott Marshall, managing director of translational informatics and diagnostic sciences in Precision for Medicine in Frederick, Maryland. The biomarker data management system, PATH, was made to incorporate any sort of biomarker information for further neurological disease diagnosis.  

 

“The true power of biomarkers comes if you connect this data to clinical information,” states Marshall. Their biomarker information management system supports translational research and biomarker-guided medicine development and puts no limitation on the number of biomarkers that may be tracked. “It can manage multiple biomarker technologies concurrently, such as complicated flow cytometry, next-generation sequencing, immuno-sequencing, epigenetic profiling, and other varieties of assays measuring biological variant too,” states Marshall. Their kind of “translational informatics” instrument is much more efficient than generating reams of information” with no strategy to acquire actionable insights out of these.”  

 

Research teams utilize Precision to Medicine’s platform for neuro-related programs that vary from illness pathogenesis to creating complicated signatures that are predictive of treatment response. By way of instance, the system was utilized in a research study including the evaluation of transcriptomic and genomic data in the treatment of major depressive disorder. The outcome is a genomically defined subset of individuals utilizing a probability of improvement. “This type of signature can now be evaluated by means of an assay, which may subsequently be developed to accompany diagnostic or free diagnostic to successfully target the correct individual group,” states Marshall. Biomarker data management systems become more fundamental as distinct kinds of biomarkers are examined collectively, ultimately including proteins and miRNAs.  

 

Combining kinds of biomarkers will very likely boost their usefulness. “Diagnostics is becoming increasingly more important as we know that the interplay between microRNAs, proteins, DNA, and messenger RNA is necessary,” states Pregibon. Clinical decision-making may profit particularly in which the human brain has been blocked by the blood-brain barrier until lately. “The chance to leverage biomarker-driven targeted treatments means that the sufferers that are more inclined to react to treatments are getting them quicker,” states Marshall. “For researchers, that’s the energy of biomarkers.”  

 

Dr. Alex Jimenez Insights Image  

The recent ability to be able to detect neurological biomarkers in the blood, despite the blood-brain barries, is largely due in part to new technological advances in diagnosis and detection. Several of these technologies can ultimately increase sensitivity, however, increased sensitivity can help improve earlier detection or diagnosis of biomarkers for neurological diseases and disorders. Researchers and healthcare professionals currently believe that the presence of these biomarkers may be present earlier than we currently understand, which can help improve health issue diagnosis and treatment. – Dr. Alex Jimenez D.C., C.C.S.T. Insight

 


 

Neurotransmitter Assessment Form

 

The following Neurotransmitter Assessment Form can be filled out and presented to Dr. Alex Jimenez. Symptoms listed on this form are not intended to be utilized as a diagnosis of any type of disease, condition, or any other type of health issue.

 


 

Biomarkers are molecules that can help diagnose a health issue. These have become important for verifying investigations, choosing the best remedies, and monitoring disease progression. One exception, however, includes biomarkers for neurological diseases. Neurological biomarkers are found in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) or, in undetectable amounts, in the blood vessels. The human brain is closely guarded by the blood-brain barrier which protects it from damaging compounds circulating throughout the blood vessels. The blood-brain barrier has made it inaccessible to use these biomarkers.  

 

Biomarkers may be analyzed using the CSF but this also needs an invasive lumbar puncture process. Biomarker signatures, or recent improvements in discovery, in addition to the ability of clusters of biomarkers, are currently helping to make neurological disorders more treatable and more reachable. Treating and preventing neurological disorders, such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, autism, and major depressive disorder, is very likely to become less difficult to diagnose with the recent arrival of neurological biomarkers found in the blood.  

 

The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic, musculoskeletal, and nervous health issues or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions. We use functional health protocols to treat injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Our office has made a reasonable attempt to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We also make copies of supporting research studies available to the board and or the public upon request. To further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900

 

Curated by Dr. Alex Jimenez  

 

References:

  • Smith, Caitlin. “Biomarkers on the Brain: Putting Biomarkers Together for a Better Understanding of the Nervous System.” Science, 15 Mar. 2018, www.sciencemag.org/features/2017/12/biomarkers-brain-putting-biomarkers-together-better-understanding-nervous-system.

 


 

Additional Topic Discussion: Chronic Pain

Sudden pain is a natural response of the nervous system which helps to demonstrate possible injury. By way of instance, pain signals travel from an injured region through the nerves and spinal cord to the brain. Pain is generally less severe as the injury heals, however, chronic pain is different than the average type of pain. With chronic pain, the human body will continue sending pain signals to the brain, regardless if the injury has healed. Chronic pain can last for several weeks to even several years. Chronic pain can tremendously affect a patient’s mobility and it can reduce flexibility, strength, and endurance.

 

 


 

Neural Zoomer Plus for Neurological Disease

Neural Zoomer Plus | El Paso, TX Chiropractor  

Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate neurological diseases. The Neural ZoomerTM Plus is an array of neurological autoantibodies which offers specific antibody-to-antigen recognition. The Vibrant Neural ZoomerTM Plus is designed to assess an individual’s reactivity to 48 neurological antigens with connections to a variety of neurologically related diseases. The Vibrant Neural ZoomerTM Plus aims to reduce neurological conditions by empowering patients and physicians with a vital resource for early risk detection and an enhanced focus on personalized primary prevention.  

 

Food Sensitivity for the IgG & IgA Immune Response

Food Sensitivity Zoomer | El Paso, TX Chiropractor  

Dr. Alex Jimenez utilizes a series of tests to help evaluate health issues associated with food sensitivities. The Food Sensitivity ZoomerTM is an array of 180 commonly consumed food antigens that offers very specific antibody-to-antigen recognition. This panel measures an individual’s IgG and IgA sensitivity to food antigens. Being able to test IgA antibodies provides additional information to foods that may be causing mucosal damage. Additionally, this test is ideal for patients who might be suffering from delayed reactions to certain foods. Utilizing an antibody-based food sensitivity test can help prioritize the necessary foods to eliminate and create a customized diet plan around the patient’s specific needs.  

 

Formulas for Methylation Support

Xymogen Formulas - El Paso, TX

 

XYMOGEN’s Exclusive Professional Formulas are available through select licensed health care professionals. The internet sale and discounting of XYMOGEN formulas are strictly prohibited.

 

Proudly, Dr. Alexander Jimenez makes XYMOGEN formulas available only to patients under our care.

 

Please call our office in order for us to assign a doctor consultation for immediate access.

 

If you are a patient of Injury Medical & Chiropractic Clinic, you may inquire about XYMOGEN by calling 915-850-0900.

xymogen el paso, tx

 

For your convenience and review of the XYMOGEN products please review the following link. *XYMOGEN-Catalog-Download  

 

* All of the above XYMOGEN policies remain strictly in force.

 


 

 

English EN Spanish ES