El Paso Functional Medicine
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Cross Training For Runners: EP Wellness Doctor Rx

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Too much running can lead to burnout and injuries for even the most hard-core runners and running enthusiasts. Cross-training can be a great way to work through unmotivated phases. Beginners and experienced runners will hit periods when they become bored or uninspired to run. Individuals dealing with injuries need to take time off from running during recovery. Once they are healed enough to engage in physical activity, doctors, trainers, physical therapists, and sports chiropractors recommend low-impact cross-training activities, like swimming or water running/aqua jogging, to lessen the stress on the muscles and joints and help injured athletes maintain their fitness and cope with the frustration of not being able to participate.

Cross Training For Runners: EP Chiropractic TeamCross Training

Cross-training is any sport or physical activity/exercise that supplements an athlete’s main sport. Whether a beginner or veteran, it balances the muscle groups because it strengthens muscles that don’t get worked out and/or are used less during running. This decreases the chances of worsening the injury and prevents future injuries. Added benefits:

  • Improves other areas of the body.
  • Improves cardiovascular fitness.
  • Cross-training can help avoid getting bored with running.
  • Gives runners a mental break.
  • Individuals can continue to train while letting injuries heal.

Individuals dealing with an injury may need to train more frequently as part of a rehabilitation and strength training treatment plan. A doctor, chiropractor, or physical therapist will recommend how much cross-training and type of activities will be the most beneficial for the specific injury.

Activities

Swimming

Swimming is an excellent cross-training activity because it’s not weight-bearing, giving the leg muscles and joints a break.

  • It builds strength and endurance and improves flexibility.
  • It balances working the upper body while giving the legs a break.
  • Swimming is a good way to recover after a long run.
  • Helps individuals prone to running injuries or are healing from an injury.
  • Relaxing and meditative.

Water Running

  • Water running can help with injuries and/or be used in strength training.
  • It’s also a great way to run during hot and humid weather.

Cycling or Spinning

  • Cycling and spin classes are low-impact.
  • Provide increased cardiovascular fitness and strength.
  • Exercises other muscle groups, especially the quads and glutes.

Elliptical Training

An elliptical machine provides a whole-body cardiovascular workout with the feel of cross-country skiing, stair climbing, and walking.

  • The machine can be programmed to move forward or backward to work all the major muscles in the legs.
  • The muscles used are similar to those used when running.
  • It is a low-impact alternative when injured.

Pilates

  • Pilates is a form of exercise that emphasizes core strength and flexibility.
  • Pilates can help increase flexibility, reduce tight muscles, and be recommended for active recovery.

Rowing

Rowing is an excellent cardiovascular, low-impact activity.

  • Strengthens the upper body, hips, and buttocks.
  • Proper technique will maximize the benefits and prevent injury.

Yoga

Yoga provides some of the same benefits as strength training.

  • Uses body weight as resistance to strengthen and stretch muscles.
  • Improves flexibility and mobility.
  • Way to relax after an intense run or workout.

Taking Time Off

Taking days off from running each week to participate in cross-training activities can help maintain motivation.

  • Recreational runners can supplement three to four days of running with two to three days of cross-training.
  • Competitive runners who run four to six days a week can substitute low-intensity cross-training for a light run or a rest day one to two days a week.
  • It helps runners add more exercise without risking overuse injuries.
  • Increases muscle strength and flexibility, and core stability.

Fitness Health


References

Alves de AraĆŗjo, Maria ErivĆ¢nia, et al. “The effectiveness of the Pilates method: reducing the degree of non-structural scoliosis, and improving flexibility and pain in female college students.” Journal of bodywork and movement therapies vol. 16,2 (2012): 191-8. doi:10.1016/j.jbmt.2011.04.002

Baltich, Jennifer, et al. “The effects of isolated ankle strengthening and functional balance training on strength, running mechanics, postural control and injury prevention in novice runners: design of a randomized controlled trial.” BMC musculoskeletal disorders vol. 15 407. 4 Dec. 2014, doi:10.1186/1471-2474-15-407

Casado, Arturo, et al. “Training Periodization, Methods, Intensity Distribution, and Volume in Highly Trained and Elite Distance Runners: A Systematic Review.” International journal of sports physiology and performance vol. 17,6 (2022): 820-833. doi:10.1123/ijspp.2021-0435

Claudino, JoĆ£o Gustavo, et al. “CrossFit Overview: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” Sports medicine – open vol. 4,1 11. 26 Feb. 2018, doi:10.1186/s40798-018-0124-5

Schlegel, Petr. “CrossFitĀ® Training Strategies from the Perspective of Concurrent Training: A Systematic Review.” Journal of sports science & medicine vol. 19,4 670-680. 19 Nov. 2020

Tanaka, H, and T Swensen. “Impact of resistance training on endurance performance. A new form of cross-training?.” Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.) vol. 25,3 (1998): 191-200. doi:10.2165/00007256-199825030-00005

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Professional Scope of Practice *

The information herein on "Cross Training For Runners: EP Wellness Doctor Rx" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, or licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.

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Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.

We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

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Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CCST, IFMCP*, CIFM*, ATN*

email: coach@elpasofunctionalmedicine.com

Licensed in: Texas & New Mexico*

Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
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