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Achieve Optimal Health with a Professional Fitness Assessment


For individuals looking to improve their fitness health, can a fitness assessment test identify potential areas and help evaluate overall health and physical status?

Achieve Optimal Health with a Professional Fitness Assessment

Fitness Assessment

A fitness test, also known as a fitness assessment, helps evaluate an individual’s overall and physical health. It comprises a series of exercises to design an appropriate exercise program for general health and fitness. (National Strength and Conditioning Association. 2017) Fitness assessment testing benefits include:

  • Identifying areas that need improvement.
  • Assisting professionals in understanding what types of exercise are safest and most effective.
  • Helping measure fitness progress over time.
  • Allowing for an individualized plan that can help prevent injuries and maintain the body’s overall health.

An assessment can comprise a wide range of tests, including:

  • Body composition tests.
  • Cardiovascular stress tests.
  • Endurance tests.
  • Range of motion tests.

They are meant to ensure the individual won’t be at risk of injury and provide the trainer with the insights needed to establish clear and effective fitness goals. Individuals who wonder whether fitness testing would benefit them should consult their healthcare provider.

General Health

Before starting a fitness program, it is important to inform the trainer of individual medical history and get the necessary approval from a primary healthcare provider. (Harvard Health Publishing. Harvard Medical School. 2012) Fitness specialists usually use one or more screening tools to help determine individual baseline health.
This may include obtaining vital sign measurements like height and weight, resting heart rate/RHR, and resting blood pressure/RBP. Many trainers will also use a physical activity readiness questionnaire/PAR-Q comprising questions about general health. (National Academy of Sports Medicine. 2020) Among the questions, individuals may​ be asked about the medications being taken, any problems with dizziness or pain, or medical conditions that may impair their ability to exercise.

Body Composition

Body composition describes total body weight components, including muscles, bones, and fat. The most common methods for estimating body composition include:

Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis – BIA

  • During BIA, electrical signals are sent from electrodes through the soles of the feet to the abdomen to estimate body composition. (Doylestown Health. 2024)

Body Mass Index – BMI

Skinfold Measurements

  • These measurements use calipers to estimate the amount of body fat in a fold of skin.

Cardiovascular Endurance

Cardiovascular endurance testing, also known as stress testing, measures how efficiently the heart and lungs work to supply oxygen and energy to the body during physical activity. (UC Davis Health, 2024) The three most common tests used include:

12-minute Run Tests

  • Twelve-minute run tests are performed on a treadmill, and an individual’s pre-exercise heart and respiration rates are compared with post-exercise heart and respiration rates.

Exercise Stress

  • Exercise stress testing is performed on a treadmill or stationary bike.
  • It involves using a heart monitor and blood pressure cuff to measure vital signs during exercise.

VO2 Max Testing

  • Performed on a treadmill or stationary bike.
  • V02 max testing uses a breathing device to measure the maximum rate of oxygen consumption during physical activity (UC Davis Health, 2024)
  • Some trainers will incorporate exercises like sit-ups or push-ups to measure response to specific exercises.
  • These baseline results can be used later to see if health and fitness levels have improved.

Strength and Endurance

Muscle endurance testing measures the length of time a muscle group can contract and release before it fatigues. Strength testing measures the maximal amount of force a muscle group can exert. (American Council on Exercise, Jiminez C., 2018) The exercises used include:

  • The push-up test.
  • Core strength and stability test.

Sometimes, a trainer will use a metronome to measure how long the individual can keep up with the rhythm. The results are then compared to individuals of the same age group and sex to establish a baseline level. Strength and endurance tests are valuable as they help the trainer spot which muscle groups are stronger, vulnerable, and need focused attention. (Heyward, V. H., Gibson, A. L. 2014).


  • Measuring the flexibility of joints is vital in determining whether individuals have postural imbalances, foot instability, or limitations in range of motion. (Pate R, Oria M, Pillsbury L, 2012)

Shoulder Flexibility

  • Shoulder flexibility testing evaluates the flexibility and mobility of the shoulder joint.
  • It is performed by using one hand to reach behind the neck, between the shoulders, and the other hand to reach behind the back, toward the shoulders, to measure how far apart the hands are. (Baumgartner TA, PhD, Jackson AS, PhD et al., 2015)


  • This test measures tightness in the lower back and hamstring muscles. (American Council of Exercise, Metcalf A. 2014)
  • The sit-and-reach test is performed on the floor with the legs fully extended.
  • Flexibility is measured by how many inches the hands are from the feet when reaching forward.

Trunk Lift

  • Trunk lift testing is used to measure tightness in the lower back.
  • It is performed while lying face-down on the floor with arms at your side.
  • The individual will be asked to lift their upper body with just the back muscles.
  • Flexibility is measured by how many inches the individual can lift themselves off the ground. (Baumgartner TA, PhD, Jackson AS, PhD et al., 2015)

Fitness assessment testing has various benefits. It can help trainers design a personalized workout program, help individuals identify fitness areas that need improvement, measure progress, and add intensity and endurance to their routine, which can help prevent injuries and help maintain overall health. We focus on what works for you and strive to better the body through researched methods and total wellness programs. These natural programs use the body’s ability to achieve improvement goals. Ask a healthcare professional or fitness professional for guidance if you need advice.

PUSH Fitness


National Strength and Conditioning Association. (2017). Purposes of assessment. www.nsca.com/education/articles/kinetic-select/purposes-of-assessment/

Harvard Health Publishing. Harvard Medical School. (2012). Do you need to see a doctor before starting your exercise program? HealthBeat. www.health.harvard.edu/healthbeat/do-you-need-to-see-a-doctor-before-starting-your-exercise-program

National Academy of Sports Medicine. (2020). PAR-Q-+ The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire for Everyone. www.nasm.org/docs/pdf/parqplus-2020.pdf?sfvrsn=401bf1af_24

Doylestown Health. (2024). Bio-Electrical Impedance Analysis (BIA)-Body Mass Analysis. www.doylestownhealth.org/service-lines/nutrition#maintabbed-content-tab-2BDAD9F8-F379-403C-8C9C-75D7BFA6E596-1-1

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (N.D.). Calculate your body mass index. Retrieved from www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/BMI/bmicalc.htm

UC Davis Health. (2024). VO2max and Aerobic Fitness. health.ucdavis.edu/sports-medicine/resources/vo2description

American Council on Exercise. Jiminez C. (2018). Understanding 1-RM and Predicted 1-RM Assessments. ACE Fitness. www.acefitness.org/fitness-certifications/ace-answers/exam-preparation-blog/2894/understanding-1-rm-and-predicted-1-rm-assessments/

Heyward, V. H., Gibson, A. L. (2014). Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription. United Kingdom: Human Kinetics. www.google.com/books/edition/Advanced_Fitness_Assessment_and_Exercise/PkdoAwAAQBAJhl=en&gbpv=1&dq=Strength+and+endurance+tests+muscle+groups+are+stronger+and+weaker&pg=PA173&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=Strength%20and%20endurance%20tests%20muscle%20groups%20are%20stronger%20and%20weaker&f=false

Pate R, Oria M, Pillsbury L, (Eds). (2012). Health-related fitness measures for youth: Flexibility. In R. Pate, M. Oria, & L. Pillsbury (Eds.), Fitness Measures and Health Outcomes in Youth. doi.org/10.17226/13483

Baumgartner, T. A., Jackson, A. S., Mahar, M. T., Rowe, D. A. (2015). Measurement for Evaluation in Kinesiology. United States: Jones & Bartlett Learning. www.google.com/books/edition/Measurement_for_Evaluation_in_Kinesiolog/_oCHCgAAQBAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=Measurement+for+Evaluation+in+Kinesiology+(9th+Edition).&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

American Council of Exercise. Metcalf A. (2014). How to improve flexibility and maintain it. ACE Fitness. www.acefitness.org/resources/everyone/blog/3761/how-to-improve-flexibility-and-maintain-it/

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Professional Scope of Practice *

The information herein on "Achieve Optimal Health with a Professional Fitness Assessment" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional or licensed physician and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.

Blog Information & Scope Discussions

Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.

We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from various disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and directly or indirectly support our clinical scope of practice.*

Our office has reasonably attempted to provide supportive citations and has identified the relevant research study or studies supporting our posts. We provide copies of supporting research studies available to regulatory boards and the public upon request.

We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez, DC, or contact us at 915-850-0900.

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Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, RN*, CCST, IFMCP*, CIFM*, ATN*

email: coach@elpasofunctionalmedicine.com

Licensed as a Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) in Texas & New Mexico*
Texas DC License # TX5807, New Mexico DC License # NM-DC2182

Licensed as a Registered Nurse (RN*) in Florida
Florida License RN License # RN9617241 (Control No. 3558029)
License Compact Status: Multi-State License: Authorized to Practice in 40 States*
Presently Matriculated: ICHS: MSN* FNP (Family Nurse Practitioner Program)

Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, RN* CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
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