Chiropractic manipulation under anesthesia also known as M.U.A is a non-invasive stretching and musculoskeletal manipulation technique. This type of chiropractic treatment can offer relief from chronic and constant back pain along with other types of pain that have not responded well or at all to conservative non-surgical care. Chiropractic manipulation under anesthesia breaks up adhesions/internal scar tissue that could be a result of an injury or previous surgery, helping restore the normal range of motion and reduce pain. This technique is utilized to treat:
Adhesions can grow around:
This can result in restricted:
Undergoing chiropractic manipulation under anesthesia while sedated means the body is in a highly relaxed state. This sedation allows the chiropractor to adjust the bones, joints into proper alignment and stretch the muscles without the individual’s voluntary/reflexive resistance. And the sedation allows the chiropractor to use less force making the procedure painless.
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This type of manipulation is a specialty procedure. It is only performed by trained and certified physicians in the fields of:
There are individuals with pain that respond well to regular chiropractic manipulation, physical therapy, or exercise. However, depending on their condition, relief might only last for a few days or weeks. This is where manipulation under anesthesia could be more successful in improving the range of motion and relieve pain. Manipulation under anesthesia has been performed for more than sixty years. It can be cost-effective and safer than invasive treatment like spine surgery. It is recognized and covered by most insurance and workers’ compensation plans.
Manipulation under anesthesia is not for all individuals with back pain. Just like any other type of recommended treatment, a doctor will very carefully consider the individual’s medical history, symptoms, previous treatments, and effectiveness. MUA is only recommended for patients that meet the procedure’s criteria. Combined with an individual’s complete medical history, a doctor will also perform a physical and neurological examination. Test results will confirm the patient’s diagnosis and determine if anesthetic manipulation can help relieve pain and other symptoms. Tests can include:
This procedure is usually performed in an ambulatory surgery center that is a modern health care facility that is focused on providing same-day surgical care, for diagnostic and preventive procedures or at a hospital. An anesthesiologist administers the medicine/s. The patient could be sedated but not unconscious or general anesthesia meaning complete unconsciousness. The choice of sedation depends on a variety of factors, like the patient’s diagnosis and how severe the condition is. The anesthesiologist can recommend a specific type of medicine or a cocktail of medications for the patient’s comfort during and after.
Once sedated, the chiropractor utilizes specialized techniques to stretch, adjust and mobilize the affected areas of the spine and body. The manipulations free up fibrous adhesions or scar tissue in one or more areas of the spine and surrounding tissues. The procedure usually takes 15 to 30 minutes. The individual will be awakened and then is carefully monitored in a recovery area. Many report an immediate reduction in pain and a broader range of motion after the procedure. There is usually temporary muscle soreness, similar to the soreness after an intense workout.
Before being discharged, the patient is provided instructions about aftercare therapy. Instructions may include:
Depending on the diagnosis and response to the initial session, manipulation under anesthesia could be performed on consecutive days or two to four days sequentially. With each session, the chiropractor adjusts a little more, incrementally helping achieve the desired increase in movement and pain reduction/alleviation.
Three to six weeks after the procedure individuals continue with physical therapy to help prevent back pain from returning and any fibrous adhesions/scar tissue that was broken up from reforming. Exercise and stretching will help strengthen and stabilize the abdominal and spinal muscles and prevent pain from returning.
Malnutrition is defined as a lack of uptake or intake of nutrition that can affect body composition in a negative way. These complications can affect how the body responds to diet and exercise. An important nutrient that elderly individuals might not get enough of is protein. Trouble chewing, food cost, and trouble cooking are all factors that limit elderly individual’s access to protein, which can lead to sarcopenia.
That is because protein requirements for the elderly are usually higher than younger individuals. This comes from age-related changes in the metabolism that includes a decreased response to protein intake. This means that an older individual needs to consume more protein to achieve the same anabolic effect. Micronutrient deficiency is a lack of nutrients, like minerals and vitamins. These support important bodily processes like cell regeneration, immune system function, and vision. A common example is iron and calcium deficiencies. This type of deficiency has the greatest impact on normal physiological functions that can occur in conjunction with protein-energy deficiency as most micronutrients are acquired from food.
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