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Various Hyperextension Exercises For Back Pain (Part 2)

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Introduction

When everyday factors affect how many of us function, our back muscles begin to suffer. TheĀ back musclesĀ in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar section surround the spine and spinal cord, which helps the body stay upright and promotesĀ good posture. The muscles allow the upper portions of the body to bend down and twist without pain while providing stability to the lower parts of the body. However, when the body ages or everyday activities cause issues, it can developĀ low back painĀ associated with weak back muscles. There are many ways to prevent these issues from escalating with various hyperextension exercises for low back pain. This 2-part series examines how low back pain affects the body and how different hyperextension exercises can help strengthen the back.Ā Part 1Ā examines how hyperextension affects the body and how it is associated with low back pain. We mention our patients to certified medical providers that provide available therapy treatments for individuals suffering from chronic low back pain. We encourage each patient when it is appropriate by referring them to associated medical providers based on their diagnosis or needs. We understand and accept that education is a marvelous way when asking our providers’ crucial questions at the patient’s request and acknowledgment. Dr. Jimenez, D.C., makes use of this information as an educational service.Ā Disclaimer

 

Low Back Pain Affecting The Body

 

Have you been dealing with aches and pains when bending down? Do you feel stiffness in your torso when twisting? Or have you experienced limited mobility in your hips? Many of these symptoms correlate with low back pain.Ā Studies revealĀ that back pain is one of the most common issues in the emergency room. Low back pain is associated with many factors that put pressure on the various muscles in the back and can lead to underlying conditions that can cause symptoms to make the body dysfunctional.Ā Additional studiesĀ have revealed that chronic low back pain can have influenced overlapping risk profiles, which include:

  • Stress
  • Dietary habits
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Musculoskeletal disorders

When these factors affect the back, many individuals will be in constant pain and take medication to relieve their pain. However, medicine can only go so far as it only masks the pain, but there are other ways to reduce low back pain and help strengthen the various muscles surrounding the low back.Ā 


An Overview Of Hyperextension (Part 2)

Biomedical physiologist Alex Jimenez explains how there are a couple of different variations that you can do to prevent low back pain. The first one is the elbows in front. The second one is the elbows in front while pointing them forward and keeping them pointed forward throughout the entire movement. The third one is the hands behind the head. And then the fourth variation is putting weight behind your back once you work up to this level. And then using that weight to put more stress on a pivot point. You can also hold the weight to your chest, but putting it behind your head gives you a further pivot point or a further point on the fulcrum, which are your hips putting more stress on your spinal rectors. The repetitions and frequency should be performed at the beginning of most workouts, before or after your abdominal exercises on leg days. You can use this exercise as a warmup before deadlifting or squatting. I’ll remember you don’t have to go as much weight or as many reps when you’re doing this on leg days. So we recommend starting with four sets of 20 reps and slowly working up to four sets of 40 reps. This seems like a lot, but it will be beneficial in the end.


Various Hyperextension Exercises For The Back

When it comes to low back pain, the various muscles are weak, which can lead to multiple symptoms affecting a person’s mobility. Luckily making small changes in a daily structure, like incorporating exercises that target the back, can be beneficial.Ā Studies revealĀ that exercises targeting the back muscles can help strengthen the targeted muscles to have mobility and stability in the back. As a bonus, exercises combined with chiropractic treatments can help restore the body and allow the spine to be realigned. When it comes to back exercises, hyperextension exercises can help prevent low back symptoms from reoccurring and strengthen weak back muscles. Here are some of the various hyperextension exercises that benefit the back.

 

Reverse Flys

There are different variations of how to do reverse flys. You can pick a moderate or lightweight dumbbell or a resistance band. This exercise is great for the upper back muscles and rear deltoids.

  • Sit in a chair where the dumbbells are in front of you. *For resistance bands, make sure the bands are under your feet.
  • Pick up the dumbbells/resistance bands with the palms of your hands and bend forward.Ā 
  • Squeeze the shoulder blades together, lift the arms to shoulder level with slightly bent elbows, and lower them.
  • Repeat for three sets of 12 reps and rest in between.

 

Hip Thrust

Different variations to this exercise can help with the posterior muscles in the lower back. You can use barbells, dumbbells, resistance bands, or your body weight to strengthen your core back muscles.Ā 

  • Lean against a bench with the knees bent and the feet flat on the floor.
  • Rest the shoulder blades on the bench for support and have the weight placed near your core.
  • Raise your body slightly by pushing your heels down to the floor and walking out slowly beyond your knees.
  • Push through your heels to have your hips at shoulder level, hold for a second, and lower your hips back down.
  • Repeat for three sets of 12 reps and rest in between.

 

Supermans

This exercise has two different variations and makes you aware of your back muscles. This exercise helps improve muscle mobility in all three sections of the back.

  • Lay on the mat face down with your arms in front and your legs straight.
  • Keep the head in a neutral position and raise both the arms and legs off the mat. This allows the body to be in a banana shape in a comfortable position. *If you want more challenge, lift the opposite arms and legs simultaneously.
  • Hold for a couple of seconds for the upper and lower back and hamstrings to maintain their positions.
  • Lower down with control.
  • Repeat for three sets of 12 reps and rest in between.Ā 

 

Fire Hydrants

 

This exercise helps the lower back and glute muscles reduce the effects of low back pain and make it more challenging to use a resistance band.

  • Be in a cat/cow position on your mat, allowing the wrist to be aligned under the shoulders and the knees to be aligned under the hips.Ā 
  • Maintain a neutral spine while engaging the core.
  • Squeeze the glutes and lift your right leg off the mat, keeping the knee at 90 degrees. *The hips should be the only ones moving to keep the core and pelvis stable.
  • Lower the right leg down with control.
  • Repeat for three sets of 12 reps and rest before repeating the motion on the left leg.

 

Conclusion

All in all, having low back pain doesn’t mean your life is over. Incorporating hyperextension exercises as part of your daily routine can help strengthen your back muscles and ensure that you won’t have reoccurring symptoms from low back pain. Making these small changes can lead to beneficial results in the long run for your health and wellness journey.

 

References

Allegri, Massimo, et al. ā€œMechanisms of Low Back Pain: A Guide for Diagnosis and Therapy.ā€ F1000Research, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 28 June 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4926733/.

Casiano, Vincent E, et al. ā€œBack Pain – Statpearls – NCBI Bookshelf.ā€ In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL), StatPearls Publishing, 4 Sept. 2022, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK538173/.

Koes, B W, et al. ā€œDiagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain.ā€ BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), U.S. National Library of Medicine, 17 June 2006, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1479671/.

Disclaimer

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Professional Scope of Practice *

The information herein on "Various Hyperextension Exercises For Back Pain (Part 2)" is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional, or licensed physician, and is not medical advice. We encourage you to make your own healthcare decisions based on your research and partnership with a qualified healthcare professional.

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Our information scope is limited to Chiropractic, musculoskeletal, physical medicines, wellness, contributing etiological viscerosomatic disturbances within clinical presentations, associated somatovisceral reflex clinical dynamics, subluxation complexes, sensitive health issues, and/or functional medicine articles, topics, and discussions.

We provide and present clinical collaboration with specialists from a wide array of disciplines. Each specialist is governed by their professional scope of practice and their jurisdiction of licensure. We use functional health & wellness protocols to treat and support care for the injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

Our videos, posts, topics, subjects, and insights cover clinical matters, issues, and topics that relate to and support, directly or indirectly, our clinical scope of practice.*

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We understand that we cover matters that require an additional explanation of how it may assist in a particular care plan or treatment protocol; therefore, to further discuss the subject matter above, please feel free to ask Dr. Alex Jimenez DC or contact us at 915-850-0900.

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Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CCST, IFMCP*, CIFM*, ATN*

email: coach@elpasofunctionalmedicine.com

Licensed in: Texas & New Mexico*

Dr. Alex Jimenez DC, MSACP, CIFM*, IFMCP*, ATN*, CCST
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